Before getting into all the magical stuff behind nanotechnology, let’s see what actually nanotechnology is. A nanometer is one-billionth of a meter, smaller than the wavelength of visible light and a hundred-thousandth the width of a human hair, this says how tiny nanomaterials are.. In nanotechnology we deal with matter in nanoscale.
In nanotechnology we will be able to control individual atoms, which means we will be able to move atoms and molecules to specific places. Something like the GIF shown below.
Scientists created some special nanostructures which can degrade organic matter when exposed to light directly onto textiles. The work paves the way towards nano-enhanced textiles that can spontaneously clean themselves of stains and grime simply by being put under a light bulb or worn out in the sun. Research Lab at RMIT worked with copper and silver-based nanostructures, which are known for their ability to absorb visible light.
When the nanostructures are exposed to light, they receive an energy boost that creates hot electrons. These hot electrons release a burst of energy that enables the nanostructures to degrade organic matter.
Approach was to grow the nanostructures directly onto the textiles by dipping them into a few solutions, resulting in the development of stable nanostructures within 30 minutes.
Nanotechnology has a vast scope and plenty of advantages, this article was just a glimpse of what nanotechnology is capable of..